CWASU Child And Woman Abuse Studies Unit

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CEDAW Thematic Shadow Report: Violence Against Women in the UK

The Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women is a United Nations Treaty Body, whose task is to oversea the implementation of the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). This Committee considers reports made by governments, and when these are submitted NGOs are entitled to submit their own 'shadow' reports.

This report focuses on violence against women only, and was submitted in 2004 alongside the shadow report of the Women's National Commission, which addressed the full range of CEDAW text. As various UN documents and policies have made clear, violence against wome is an issue of gender discrimination, representing a barrier to the achievement of gender equality.

Overrall, while the authors of the report welcomed the increased government attention to the issue of violence against women, they argue that limited financial investment and lack of strategic infrastructure and oversight means the UK is still not in compliance with the responsibilities of States, outlined in the Beijing Platform for Action.

Available to view at the Womankind Worldwide website.

Available from: Womenkind Worldwide (WW)

Authors: P Sen, Catherine Humphreys, Liz Kelly

Sexual Assault Referral Centres: developing good practice and maximising potentials

Home Office Research Study 285.

Extract from Foreword;
'This report is one of a series of reports, which specifically reports on the findings from the evaluation of a number of projects, which were funded to support victims in the aftermath of rape. This specific report focuses on the contribution of Sexual Assault Referral Centres (SARCs), and provides a valuable insight into the type of services that are needed to support victims in the aftermath of a traumatic crime such as rape. The findings are timely as many years after the original SARC in Manchester was established, a number of new SARCs have recently been established and several more are in the development stage'.

Available to view at the Home Office website.

See Project: Evaluation of the Crime Reduction Programme Violence Against Women Rape Projects, and a Linked National Evaluation of Sexual Assault Referral Centres

Available from: The Home Office. Email:

Authors: Jo Lovett, Linda Regan, Liz Kelly

Profitable Exploits! Lap Dancing in the UK

This report is based on a study on lap dancing and lap dancing clubs conducted for Glasgow City Council, in a context of growing concerns of the Council regarding the current licensing system and lack of local authority powers.

The report addresses the origin and history of lap dancing, employment conditions, the law and a range of perceptions; the police, licensing boards, the general public, customers and dancers.The study involved literature review, Internet research, visits to clubs and interviews. The report concludes that there is evidence that activities within lap dancing clubs are in direct contradiction with equality between men and women, and normalises men's sexual objectification of women.

Available to view at the Glasgow City Council Website.

See Project: Study and Report on Lapdancing

Available from: Available from: Glasgow City Council

Author: Julie Bindel

Final Report of the Portsmouth Domestic Violence Intervention Project (EIP) Evaluation

This report evaluates an EIP pilot project based in Portsmouth. The aim of the project is to reduce repeat victimisation by providing support and information about the options available to anyone experiencing domestic violence at the point of crisis.


  • the development of a relational database to monitor and track cases across the service;
  • questionnaires and focus groups with hospital staff in order to evaluate the training that they have received to respond appropriately to domestic violence;
  • focus groups with Project staff to explore issues arising from the implementation of the intervention;
  • structured telephone interviews with multi-agency partners to assess the need for, impact and effectiveness of the Project;
  • questionnaires or telephone interviews with service users to gather information on their use and experience of the Project and other related domestic violence a number of in-depth case studies involving service users, Project staff and any other relevant agencies, which will explore the operation of the Project 'on the ground'.

Summary of Findings:

Health Professionals;

  • Only a small minority of health staff 'always' ask patients about domestic violence. Over three quarters 'seldom' or 'never' ask; Some staff were making decisions on 'relevance' before screening questions;
  • Despite this, the majority say they are 'comfortable' or feel 'ok' about doing so;
  • Where domestic violence has been disclosed, hospital staff report that it was they who broached the subject, in contrast to service users, who say that they did so;
  • Where disclosure occurs, referral to EIP has become routine;
  • EIP was seen as a useful service by these hospital staff;
  • Hospital staff do not think that the profile of the Project is high enough within the hospitals.

Service Users;

  • Just over half of EIP clients were referred from hospital departments;
  • The overwhelming majority of clients were female, over half aged between 20 and 39 years and were White British. Two thirds have children;
  • 40% had been in a relationship for less than five years;
  • 95% of perpetrators were male;
  • 82 % reported physical violence and for almost two thirds the violence had happened 'constantly' or 'often', for almost half it had happened throughout the relationship;
  • 30 female clients had experienced violence during pregnancy;
  • Just over one third of clients had experienced post separation violence;
  • The Police had been involved in over three quarters of cases but only a minority (13%) of perpetrators had been subject to a prosecution for a domestic violence related offence;
  • The majority of clients (71%) had between one and five contacts with EIP, however five had been in contact more than 50 times, raising concerns about 'heavy need' clients requiring long term support;
  • Almost all clients wanted generalised 'support' and 'information';
  • There was a very high level of telephone support provided to clients by EIP staff;
  • Referral to other agencies continues to be a major strand of the support provided to clients;
  • The Project appears to have successfully reduced repeat visits to the A&E department for domestic violence related injuries

See Project: Evaluation of the Portsmouth Domestic Violence Early Intervention Project (EIP)



Available from: Child and Women Abuse Studies Unit: FREE , £1.00 p&p.

EIP Final Evaluation Report.pdf (download acrobat reader)

Author: Linda Regan